Organic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry (Basic Reaction Mechanism) is a useful App for learning the Basic Reaction Mechanism in organic chemistry by using curved arrows

Organic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry (Basic Reaction Mechanism) is a useful App for learning the Basic Reaction Mechanism in organic chemistry by using curved arrows. Mastering the fundamentals of reaction mechanisms is an important survival skill for students learning organic chemistry.Table of Contents (Total 106 videos)1. Types of arrows used in organic chemistry2. Basic principles in organic chemistry3. Resonance4. Halogenation of alkanes (Radical reaction)5. Alkene addition reactions: Electrophilic additions 5-1. Addition of hydrogen halide5-2. Stability of carbocations5-3. Supplementary: Rearrangement reaction5-4. Acid catalyzed addition of water (Hydration)5-4. Reaction mechanism (How to draw curved arrows)5-5. Oxymercuration5-6. Hydroboration5-7. Addition of halogen (Halogenation): Bromination5-8. Reaction with peroxyacid (peracid): Epoxidation 5-9. Reaction with osmium tetroxide: Dihydroxidation5-10. Reaction with ozone: Ozonolysis5-11. Reaction with hydrogen (Catalytic hydrogenation)6. Alkyne addition reactions: Electrophilic addition 6-1. Addition of hydrogen halide6-2. Addition of water6-3. Addition of halogen (Bromination) 6-4. Addition of hydrogen: Half reduction6-5. Supplementary: Birch reduction7. Electrophilic aromatic substitution 7-1. Nitration7-2. Bromination7-3. Sulfonation: Sulfonation is reversible !7-4. Friedel-Crafts reactions 7-4. (A) Friedel-Crafts alkylation7-4. (B) Friedel-Crafts acylation7-5. Summary of electrophilic aromatic substitution7-6. Electrophilic substitution of benzene derivatives 7-6-1. Reactivity7-6-2. Orientation7-7. Theory of orientation 7-7-1. Toluene: o,p-directing and activating7-7-2. Phenol: o,p-directing and activating7-7-3. Nitrobenzene: m-directing and deactivating8. Nucleophilic substitution (SN2 and SN1) of alkyl halides 8-1. SN2 reaction8-2. Reaction mechanism of SN28-3. SN1 reaction8-4. Reaction mechanism of SN19. Elimination reaction (E2 and E1) of alkyl halides 9-1. E2 reaction9-2. Reaction mechanism of E29-3. E1 reaction9-4. Reaction mechanism of E110. Reaction of alcohols 10-1. Protonation with strong acids10-2. Acid-catalyzed elimination of water (Dehydration)10-3. Reaction with hydrogen halides10-4. Reaction of allylic alcohols10-5. Supplementary: Allyllic rearrangement10-6. Supplementary: Saytzeff’s rule (Zaitsev’s rule)11. Ethers: Synthesis and Reactions 11-1. Synthesis of ethers-1 11-2. Synthesis of ethers-2: Williamson Ether Synthesis11-3. Acid cleavage of ethers: Reaction with acids11-4. Supplementary: Removal of methyl protecting group11-5. Nucleophilic opening of epoxides with Grignard reagents12. Nucleophilic addition to carbonyl group (aldehydes and ketones) 12-1. The polarity of the C=O double bond12-2. Nucleophilic addition to carbonyl group12-3. Addition of alcohols: Hemiacetal and acetal formation12-4. Addition of primary amines: Imine formation12-5. Addition of Grignard reagents12-6. Supplementary: Addition of Grignard reagents to carbon dioxide12-7. Addition of acetylides12-8. Addition of hydrogen cyanide12-9. Reduction of ketones and aldehydes13. Esters: Synthesis and Reactions 13-1. Synthetic method for esters-1: Fischer esterification13-2. Synthetic method for esters-2: Methyl ester formation by diazomethane 13-3. Hydrolysis of esters13-4. Supplementary: Acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of tert-butyl esters13-5. Reaction with Grignard reagents13-6. Reduction of esters13-7. Alcoholysis of esters 13-8. Ammonolysis of esters14. Enol and Enolate reactions (aldehydes and ketones) 14-1. Keto-enol equilibrium14-2. Why are a-Hydrogens acidic ?14-3. Enolization14-4. Aldol reaction14-5. Aldol condensation14-6. E1cB reaction15. Enolate reactions in esters 15-1. Claisen condensation15-2. Dieckmann condensation and retro-Claisen condensation15-3. Synthetic methods related to Claisen condensation15-4. Acetoacetic ester synthesis15-5. Malonic ester synthesis16. Michael addition17. Robinson annulation

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